Tech specializations. If the names, and Bonuses aren't meaningful don't remove them, but make the names meaningful, and change the bonuses to make them more meaningful. Some ideas for tech specialisation. Global warming you have an awareness of putting to much carbons into the planet. Bonuses include better fatms. Higher populations. Faster population growth. Disadvantages include lower hubs. Causing energy problems. Can use only certain fuels. Factories suffer due to environmental regulations. Approval is up because people feel good about saving the planet. Bonus to planet quality better planets. tourism is up do to better planets. More farming techs, less social manufacturing techs. More natural wonders, and bonuses to natural wonders.
Cleaning the planet planet better, but not as good as above. Global warming is not real, but why not clean the environment instead. Factories down due to regulations. Farms better. Higher populations. Raw production is up due to recycling. Economy takes a hit because everyone is reusing whenever they can. Banks are better though because there is more of a savings because everyone is buying less because of the mood of reusing. Banks better, but some of the other economic buildings are not. More farming techs, less manufacturing, and hub techs. Tourism is up because of a better planet. More natural wonders, and bonuses to natural wonders.
Not nonsense they are just trying to stifle industry. Factories are up, because of no regulations. Farms take a hit due to pollution. Population is down due to pollution. Certain resources are harder to produce. Penalties to natural wonders. And a chance that a natural wonders turns into a resource instead.
Other tech specializations.
Genetic engineering you thought computers were the wave of the future, but think again genetic engineering won out. Organic cars, and spaceships. Babies being born without birth defects. People being engineered for specific tasks...
Computers robots do everything.
Cybernetics everyone has robotic parts.
I do agree on ideologies should be more demanding, but instead of picking a choice at the beginning of the game. it should be averaged from your points based on your choices. Then adding up all the points to pick techs.
Ideologies should have names that are ideologies, not another name for good vs. evil. Benevolent vs. malevolent.